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Samir Sarkar's Fuels and Combustion: A Must-Read for Engineers and Scientists



Fuels and Combustion by Samir Sarkar: A Comprehensive Guide




If you are interested in learning about the science and engineering of fuels and combustion, you might want to check out the book Fuels and Combustion by Samir Sarkar. This book is a comprehensive and authoritative text that covers the fundamentals and applications of this important field. In this article, we will give you an overview of the book, its main features, and why you should read it.




Fuels And Combustion By Samir Sarkar.pdf


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Introduction




What is combustion?




Combustion is the process of burning a fuel with oxygen to produce heat and light. It is also known as oxidation or fire. Combustion is a chemical reaction that involves breaking and forming bonds between atoms and molecules. The products of combustion are usually carbon dioxide, water, and other gases, depending on the fuel and the conditions.


What are fuels?




Fuels are substances that can be burned to release energy. They can be solid, liquid, or gaseous. Some examples of fuels are coal, wood, gasoline, natural gas, hydrogen, ethanol, biodiesel, etc. Fuels can be derived from natural sources or synthesized from other materials. Fuels can be classified based on their origin, composition, properties, and performance.


Why is combustion important?




Combustion is important for many reasons. It is the main source of energy for most human activities, such as transportation, heating, cooking, electricity generation, etc. It is also essential for many industrial processes, such as metallurgy, ceramics, glass, cement, etc. Combustion is also involved in natural phenomena, such as wildfires, volcanoes, stars, etc. However, combustion also has some negative impacts on the environment and human health, such as air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, acid rain, smog, etc. Therefore, it is important to understand how combustion works and how to improve its efficiency and reduce its emissions.


Main features of the book




Overview of the book




Fuels and Combustion by Samir Sarkar is a book that provides a comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the theory and practice of fuels and combustion. The book was first published in 1984 and has been revised and updated several times since then. The latest edition was published in 2017 by PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. The book has 16 chapters and 624 pages. The book is written in a clear and concise style with numerous examples, illustrations, tables, graphs, diagrams, equations, exercises, and references.


Topics covered in the book




The book covers a wide range of topics related to fuels and combustion. Here are some of the main topics covered in each chapter:


Classification and properties of fuels




This chapter introduces the concept of fuels and their classification based on their origin (fossil fuels, biomass fuels, synthetic fuels), composition (hydrocarbon fuels, non-hydrocarbon fuels), state (solid fuels, liquid fuels, gaseous fuels), and performance (calorific value, cetane number, octane number, etc.). It also discusses the properties of fuels, such as density, viscosity, volatility, flash point, fire point, etc.


Combustion stoichiometry and thermodynamics




This chapter explains the principles of combustion stoichiometry and thermodynamics. It covers the topics of chemical equations, mole and mass fractions, air-fuel ratio, excess air, theoretical and actual combustion, enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs free energy, heat of formation, heat of reaction, adiabatic flame temperature, etc.


Combustion kinetics and mechanisms




This chapter describes the kinetics and mechanisms of combustion reactions. It covers the topics of reaction rate, order, constant, activation energy, Arrhenius equation, collision theory, transition state theory, chain reactions, branching reactions, termination reactions, ignition delay, flame propagation, flame speed, flammability limits, quenching distance, etc.


Solid fuels




This chapter deals with the characteristics and applications of solid fuels. It covers the topics of coal formation, classification, analysis, grading, washing, storage, handling, preparation, carbonization, gasification, liquefaction, combustion, etc. It also covers the topics of biomass fuels, such as wood, charcoal, peat, bagasse, rice husk, sawdust, etc., and their properties, conversion processes, and utilization.


Liquid fuels




This chapter deals with the characteristics and applications of liquid fuels. It covers the topics of petroleum origin, composition, exploration, production, refining, fractionation, cracking, reforming, blending, additives, storage, transportation, handling, testing, combustion, etc. It also covers the topics of alternative liquid fuels, such as alcohols, ethers, esters, furfural, etc., and their properties and utilization.


Gaseous fuels




This chapter deals with the characteristics and applications of gaseous fuels. It covers the topics of natural gas origin, composition, production, processing, transportation, storage, distribution, testing combustion etc. It also covers the topics of manufactured gaseous fuels such as producer gas water gas coke oven gas blast furnace gas refinery gas biogas hydrogen syngas etc. and their properties and utilization.


Fuel analysis and testing




This chapter deals with the methods and instruments for fuel analysis and testing. It covers the topics of proximate analysis ultimate analysis calorific value determination flash point determination fire point determination viscosity measurement density measurement distillation test aniline point test cloud point test pour point test smoke point test cetane number test octane number test etc.


Combustion systems and equipment




This chapter deals with the design and operation of combustion systems and equipment. It covers the topics of burners furnaces boilers stoves ovens kilns incinerators gas turbines internal combustion engines rocket engines etc. It also discusses the factors affecting combustion efficiency and performance such as heat transfer heat loss draft air supply fuel supply mixing ignition stability etc.


Combustion pollution and control




This chapter deals with the environmental impacts and control measures of combustion processes. It covers the topics of air pollution sources effects standards monitoring sampling analysis etc. It also covers the topics of combustion pollutants such as carbon monoxide carbon dioxide sulfur oxides nitrogen oxides particulate matter hydrocarbons aldehydes ketones etc. and their formation mechanisms health effects environmental effects etc. It also discusses the methods and technologies for pollution control such as fuel switching fuel treatment fuel injection fuel modification combustion modification flue gas treatment catalytic converters scrubbers filters cyclones electrostatic precipitators baghouses etc.


Benefits of reading the book




Reading this book will help you to:


  • Gain a solid foundation and understanding of the principles and applications of fuels and combustion.



  • Learn about the latest developments and trends in the field of fuels and combustion.



  • Enhance your skills and knowledge in fuel analysis testing selection optimization utilization etc.



  • Improve your ability to design operate maintain troubleshoot improve optimize etc. combustion systems and equipment.



  • Awareness about the environmental impacts and control measures of combustion processes.



  • Prepare for competitive exams interviews projects assignments research etc. related to fuels and combustion.



Conclusion




Summary of the main points




Call to action




If you are interested in learning more about fuels and combustion, you should definitely read the book Fuels and Combustion by Samir Sarkar. It is a comprehensive and authoritative text that covers the fundamentals and applications of this important field. You can buy the book online or from any bookstore near you. You can also visit the author's website for more information and resources. Don't miss this opportunity to enhance your knowledge and skills in fuels and combustion.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about the book Fuels and Combustion by Samir Sarkar:



  • Who is the author of the book?



The author of the book is Samir Sarkar, who is a professor of mechanical engineering at Jadavpur