What You Need to Know About KBSR and KSSR: A Comparison of the Past and Present Curriculum
Comparison Between KBSR and KSSR PDF Download
If you are interested in the development of the English language curriculum in Malaysia, you might want to compare the two major reforms that have taken place in the past decades: the Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Rendah (KBSR) and the Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah (KSSR). These two curricula have different aims, features, advantages, disadvantages, and implications for teachers and students. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive comparison between KBSR and KSSR based on various aspects. You can also download a PDF version of this article for your reference.
Comparison Between Kbsr And Kssr Pdf Download
The Aims of KBSR and KSSR
The first aspect to compare is the aims of KBSR and KSSR. According to Difference between kbsr and kssr, the aim of KBSR is to equip pupils with basic skills and understanding of the English language so that they can communicate in common everyday situations. On the other hand, the aim of KSSR is to equip pupils with basic language skills to enable them to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts that are appropriate to their level of development.
This shows that KBSR has a more limited scope of communication than KSSR. KBSR focuses on simple communication within the classroom, while KSSR emphasizes advanced communication that can be applied outside of the classroom as well as in daily life. Therefore, KSSR has a more holistic approach to language learning than KBSR.
The Features of KBSR and KSSR
The next aspect to compare is the features of KBSR and KSSR. According to (PPT) KBSR AND KSSR Yuva Rani - Academia.edu, there are several differences between KBSR and KSSR in terms of curriculum design, content, skills, assessment methods, and educational emphases. Here is a table that summarizes these differences:
According to each subject (syllabus/textbooks)
Divided into two stages (Stage One: Years 1-3; Stage Two: Years 4-6)
The language contents are the sound system, grammar, and vocabulary
The content is based on Standard Document and Learning Standards
Listening and speaking; Reading; Writing; Language Arts; Grammar (added in Years 3-6)
Speaking; Reading; Listening; Writing; Language Arts
Clear emphasis on summative assessment; Multiple sources of evidence
A combination of formative and summative assessment methods; Teachers build a profile of pupil's language development and assess them individually
Thinking skill; Learning how to learn skill; ICT; Multiple Intelligence; Constructivism; Contextual learning
Thinking skill; Mastery learning; ICT; Multiple Intelligence; Values and citizenship; Knowledge acquisition; Learning how to learn skill; Preparation for the real world
As you can see, KBSR and KSSR have different features that reflect their different aims and approaches. KBSR is more linear and teacher-centered, while KSSR is more flexible and learner-centered. KBSR is more focused on the language form, while KSSR is more focused on the language function. KBSR is more oriented towards testing, while KSSR is more oriented towards learning.
The Advantages and Disadvantages of KBSR and KSSR
The third aspect to compare is the advantages and disadvantages of KBSR and KSSR. According to Faq on Kbsr and Kssr - 2198 Words Bartleby, there are some strengths and weaknesses of each curriculum that can be identified. Here are some examples:
- Simple and selective content- Emphasis on basic language skills- Multiple sources of evidence for assessment
- Limited scope of communication- Boring and monotonous for the kids- Less time allocation for English periods
- Holistic and integrated content- Emphasis on advanced communication- A combination of formative and summative assessment methods
- Complex and overloaded content- Difficult to implement in rural areas- Lack of resources and training for teachers
As you can see, KBSR and KSSR have their own advantages and disadvantages that depend on various factors such as the needs, interests, abilities, and backgrounds of the pupils, teachers, and schools. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the effectiveness of each curriculum based on the actual outcomes and feedback from the stakeholders.
The Implications of KBSR and KSSR for Teachers and Students
The last aspect to compare is the implications of KBSR and KSSR for teachers and students. According to KSSR Vs KBSR PDF Teachers Educational Technology - Scribd, there are some changes in the roles and responsibilities of teachers and students under each curriculum. Here are some examples:
Teachers' roles and responsibilities
Students' roles and responsibilities
- Deliver the syllabus according to the textbooks- Provide multiple sources of evidence for assessment- Focus on teaching basic language skills- Use teacher-centered methods such as lecturing, drilling, etc.
- Follow the syllabus according to the textbooks- Provide multiple sources of evidence for assessment- Learn basic language skills- Use passive methods such as listening, repeating, etc.
- Design the curriculum according to the Standard Document and Learning Standards- Build a profile of pupil's language development and assess them individually- Focus on teaching advanced communication- Use learner-centered methods such as inquiry-based learning, project-based learning, etc.
- Explore the curriculum according to the Standard Document and Learning Standards- Show their language development and be assessed individually- Learn advanced communication- Use active methods such as questioning, collaborating, etc.
As you can see, KBSR and KSSR have different implications for teachers and students that require different levels of autonomy, creativity, collaboration, and critical thinking. Therefore, it is important to prepare teachers and students for the challenges and opportunities that each curriculum offers.
How to Download a PDF Version of This Article
If you want to download a PDF version of this article for your reference, you can follow these simple steps:
Go to this link where you can find a document titled "From KBSR To KSSR PDF Curriculum Teachers - Scribd". This document contains a similar comparison between KBSR and KSSR as this article.
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Here are some frequently asked questions about KBSR and KSSR:
What are the benefits of KSSR over KBSR?Some of the benefits of KSSR over KBSR are:
KSSR has a more holistic and integrated approach to language learning than KBSR.
KSSR has a more flexible and learner-centered curriculum design than KBSR.
KSSR has a more advanced and varied communication focus than KBSR.
KSSR has a more balanced and comprehensive assessment system than KBSR.
KSSR has more relevant and updated educational emphases than KBSR.
What are the challenges of implementing KSSR?Some of the challenges of implementing KSSR are:
KSSR has a complex and overloaded content that may be difficult for some teachers and students to cope with.
KSSR requires more resources and training for teachers to implement it effectively.
KSSR may face some resistance from teachers and parents who are used to the KBSR system.
KSSR may not be suitable for some rural areas where the infrastructure and facilities are lacking.
KSSR may not be aligned with some national examinations that are still based on the KBSR system.
How can teachers and students adapt to KSSR?Some of the ways that teachers and students can adapt to KSSR are:
Teachers and students should familiarize themselves with the Standard Document and Learning Standards of KSSR.
Teachers and students should embrace the use of science and technology in their teaching and learning process.
Teachers and students should develop their critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, and communication skills.
Teachers and students should cultivate positive values and attitudes towards learning.
Teachers and students should seek feedback and support from each other and other stakeholders.
Where can I find more information about KBSR and KSSR?You can find more information about KBSR and KSSR from these sources:
The Ministry of Education website: https://www.moe.gov.my/
The Curriculum Development Division website: http://www.bpk.kpm.my/
The Educational Technology Division website: http://www.btpn.kpm.my/
The Educational Planning and Research Division website: http://www.epd.kpm.my/
The Examination Syndicate website: http://www.lp.moe.gov.my/
How can I give feedback or suggestions on KBSR and KSSR?You can give feedback or suggestions on KBSR and KSSR by contacting the Ministry of Education or the Curriculum Development Division through these channels:
Phone: 03-8884 6000 or 03-8884 6500
Fax: 03-8889 5850 or 03-8889 5851
Address: Ministry of Education Malaysia, Level 1-3, Block E8, Complex E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62604 Putrajaya, Malaysia or Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education Malaysia, Level 4-8, Block E9, Complex E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62604 Putrajaya, Malaysia
I hope this article has been helpful and informative for you. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. Thank you for reading. 71b2f0854b