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Myths Of The World: Under The Surface Collector... PORTABLE


This is in the form of ice trapped within dust and minerals on and under the surface. It has been detected on areas of the lunar surface that are in permanent shadow and are therefore very cold, enabling the ice to survive. The water on the Moon was likely delivered to the surface by comets.




Myths of the World: Under the Surface Collector...



Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt, which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of understanding the world around them. The beliefs that these myths express are an important part of ancient Egyptian religion. Myths appear frequently in Egyptian writings and art, particularly in short stories and in religious material such as hymns, ritual texts, funerary texts, and temple decoration. These sources rarely contain a complete account of a myth and often describe only brief fragments.


The details of these sacred events differ greatly from one text to another and often seem contradictory. Egyptian myths are primarily metaphorical, translating the essence and behavior of deities into terms that humans can understand. Each variant of a myth represents a different symbolic perspective, enriching the Egyptians' understanding of the gods and the world.


Some myths may have been inspired by historical events. The unification of Egypt under the pharaohs, at the end of the Predynastic Period around 3100 BC, made the king the focus of Egyptian religion, and thus the ideology of kingship became an important part of mythology.[11] In the wake of unification, gods that were once local patron deities gained national importance, forming new relationships that linked the local deities into a unified national tradition. Geraldine Pinch suggests that early myths may have formed from these relationships.[12] Egyptian sources link the mythical strife between the gods Horus and Set with a conflict between the regions of Upper and Lower Egypt, which may have happened in the late Predynastic era or in the Early Dynastic Period.[13][Note 1]


Most of Egypt's gods, including many of the major ones, do not have significant roles in any mythic narratives,[24] although their nature and relationships with other deities are often established in lists or bare statements without narration.[25] For the gods who are deeply involved in narratives, mythic events are very important expressions of their roles in the cosmos. Therefore, if only narratives are myths, mythology is a major element in Egyptian religious understanding, but not as essential as it is in many other cultures.[26]


Few complete stories appear in Egyptian mythological sources. These sources often contain nothing more than allusions to the events to which they relate, and texts that contain actual narratives tell only portions of a larger story. Thus, for any given myth the Egyptians may have had only the general outlines of a story, from which fragments describing particular incidents were drawn.[24] Moreover, the gods are not well-defined characters, and the motivations for their sometimes inconsistent actions are rarely given.[31] Egyptian myths are not, therefore, fully developed tales. Their importance lay in their underlying meaning, not their characteristics as stories. Instead of coalescing into lengthy, fixed narratives, they remained highly flexible and non-dogmatic.[28]


The sources that are available range from solemn hymns to entertaining stories. Without a single, canonical version of any myth, the Egyptians adapted the broad traditions of myth to fit the varied purposes of their writings.[42] Most Egyptians were illiterate and may therefore have had an elaborate oral tradition that transmitted myths through spoken storytelling. Susanne Bickel suggests that the existence of this tradition helps explain why many texts related to myth give little detail: the myths were already known to every Egyptian.[43] Very little evidence of this oral tradition has survived, and modern knowledge of Egyptian myths is drawn from written and pictorial sources. Only a small proportion of these sources has survived to the present, so much of the mythological information that was once written down has been lost.[25] This information is not equally abundant in all periods, so the beliefs that Egyptians held in some eras of their history are more poorly understood than the beliefs in better documented times.[44]


Allusions to myth were very widespread in Egyptian art and architecture. In temple design, the central path of the temple axis was likened to the sun god's path across the sky, and the sanctuary at the end of the path represented the place of creation from which he rose. Temple decoration was filled with solar emblems that underscored this relationship. Similarly, the corridors of tombs were linked with the god's journey through the Duat, and the burial chamber with the tomb of Osiris.[112] The pyramid, the best-known of all Egyptian architectural forms, may have been inspired by mythic symbolism, for it represented the mound of creation and the original sunrise, appropriate for a monument intended to assure the owner's rebirth after death.[113] Symbols in Egyptian tradition were frequently reinterpreted, so that the meanings of mythical symbols could change and multiply over time like the myths themselves.[114]


Fossils and MythsAncient cultures did not always understand what fossils were, and adapted their discovery to fit with myths and stories.China is rich in dinosaur fossils. Dinosaurs are ancient reptiles whose bones share characteristics with both reptiles and birds. Ancient Chinese people often interpreted dinosaur skeletons as the remains of flying dragons!Fossilized remains of dwarf elephants have been found on several Mediterranean islands. Dwarf elephants grew to only 2 meters (6 feet) tall. Their skulls are about the same size as a human skull, with a large hole in the middle where the living animal's trunk is. In the ancient Mediterranean cultures of Greece and Rome, the remains of dwarf elephants were often interpreted as the remains of cyclopes, a type of feared, one-eyed giant.


In Japan, these sea monsters were pure nightmare fuel for sailors who believed in the myths surrounding this creature. Umibōzu is a giant, shadowy, humanoid-like monster who terrorizes sailors who are unlucky enough to cross paths with it during a voyage. Upon encountering the creature, what was once a beautiful day with calm waters immediately turns into thunderous chaos with harsh waves and never-ending rain.


Teens With a Purpose is a Norfolk-based creative youth development non-profit organization that was founded by Deirdre Love in 1996 and incorporated in 2007. Participants experience arts; education; youth development; and civic, social and cultural engagement through a peer-to-peer approach that empowers young people to find self-assuredness and support one another. As they learn to support each other, they are challenged to find, develop and publicly present their voices as creators of positive social change. Especially during this global pandemic, these programs offer catharsis. Teens With a Purpose strives to bring youth from different backgrounds together to explore the world and go beneath surface meanings and dominant myths to understand and bond in deep and meaningful ways.


OMZ subsidiary Izhorskiye Zavody has completed the prototype of a new generation of container for the transport and storage of used nuclear fuel from VVER-1000 and VVER-1200 reactors. The TUK-151 container is a thick-walled 2.5m diameter vessel with a sealed lid, a length of about 6 metres and a laden weight of 116 tonnes. Unlike the TUK-13 container design, the TUK-151 is not made of stainless steel, but has a low alloy steel-plated interior surface that offers "superior strength" and resistance to fracturing at low temperatures under dynamic loads.


From lizard people and space aliens to secret underground bunkers and a cursed horse, Denver International Airport (DEN) has been a magnet for myths and legends since it opened in 1995.


One possibility is that it is due to imprecise measurement: we might either grossly overestimate the amount of plastic waste we release into the ocean, or underestimate the amount floating in the surface ocean. Whilst we know that tracking ocean plastic inputs and their distribution is notoriously difficult20 the levels of uncertainty in these measurements are much less than the several orders of magnitude that would be needed to explain the missing plastic problem.21 Another popular hypothesis is that ultraviolet light (UV) and mechanical wave forces break large pieces of plastic into smaller ones.These smaller particles, referred to as microplastics, are much more easily incorporated into sediments or ingested by organisms. And this is where the missing plastic might end up.


The amount of microplastics in our surface ocean will increase under every scenario because the large plastics that we already have on our shorelines and surface waters will continue to breakdown. And, any additional plastics we add will contribute further.


Professional diver and instructor Danilo Bernasconi says, "One of my favorite dives is the Brienno Canyon. Just outside the tunnel of this beautiful village and below the surface, a channel starts: it descends vertically towards the depth. It is the vertical bed of an imposing mountain stream that in the postglacial era left a deep groove of up to 8 meters on the side of the mountain. In diving on this site, you go down vertically to the desired depth, and the more you go down, the more beautiful it is, clean of mud and sediment and immersed in crystal clear water. Personally, I did a dive and let myself be carried down to a depth of -146 meters. The most beautiful spot is at -100: tortuous, deep, and living rock. That is the underwater landscape below the surface." 041b061a72


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